All posts by pssquared

Photographer of the natural world. Active in the Cayuga Nature Photographers.

Just a quick post from today..

Have to post this one photo of a Chestnut-sided Warbler in full voice.  Went to a park very near  home and found the bushes alive with birds due to the spring migration. It was  mostly Chestnut-sided Warblers with a few Yellow Warblers, Wood Thrushes and Song Sparrows.  The  males seemed totally driven to out-sing one another, and to jump around trying to find their rivals.  Never saw a female, and wonder if the females, as with so many birds, trail the males by a few weeks.  Anyone know about that?

Perhaps someone can tell me why this seems humorous.  I did not know they could open their beak so wide, but something makes me think he is just a loud mouth doing some bragging.

Appreciate any comments.


Great Conditions for Nature Photography

The sun is shining, the reports of new birds are filling my email and a great weekend is coming. So, my message for CNP members is to be sure to set aside some time to get out and photograph. I only have to step outside my door to have wildflowers emerging in bloom, and birds singing.

Met up with CNP member David Duneau at the Mundy Wildflower Garden on Cornell campus this Wednesday.  I’ve posted a longer blog on my personal site at:


To briefly summarize, we were looking for birds, but not having much luck getting close.   As we wrapped up on the parking lot, we saw incredible activity in nearby apple tree that was rich with blooms.   The most exciting was a fantastically colorful Baltimore Oriole.

A Northern Cardinal was also pretty cooperative.

For CNP members looking to try some bird photos for  themselves, I’d begin at the apple tree next to the Horticulture Building off of Caldwell Road.  It’s just to the right of the building.

We also saw an uncommon Nashville Warbler in the tree.  Warblers are harder for me because they are so often hidden inside the tree or bush, seem to move constantly and are very small.  Perhaps the richest place right now is the Hawthorn Orchard behind the tennis center on campus.  Seemingly dozens of different birds in the cover.

I’ll be unable to attend the next CNP meeting, but I hope to see reports of your success and perhaps a post here too.

Paul S.

My bad start ended up good.

In spite of the threat of rain, I headed out to my secret little farm ponds, hoping for Wood Ducks.  I was  hurried, and halfway down the woods road from the car I realized that I did not have my little three legged stool.  Sounds trivial, but it is basic to my moveable blind.  I sit on the stool, put the tripod in front of me, hook a bungee cord from one side of the stool and across my waist to the opposite side, and then drape a camouflage cover over me. Beginning out of sight, I can slip the tripod forward, than scoot the little stool forward without needing to take hold of the stool.  The bungee cord keeps the stool in place and my hands are always on the tripod for steadiness.  Like a caterpillar, I can slowly move into an exposed location with good visibility. Absent the stool today, I would have to make the approach on my knees. Not fun.  Then, I got to the pond and found three pairs of very vocal  Canada Geese patrolling right where I wanted to be.

It took forty-five minutes to get in position.  At times, the geese slipped to one side or another and I could move two or three slow steps on my knees.  Not pleasant. At other times, I could see they were all looking the other way and I would move. In the end, I was in full view, though in camouflage, and they took no note of me from 45 feet away.  I am thinking they have very short  memory for what is present in a particular place. It seems their vocalization is not in alarm but just making noise.  From experience, I know Wood Ducks are much more wary and would have made for a more difficult sneak. Now, I just needed the Wood Ducks to come in to the pond.

I first saw movement at the far side of the pond.  Putting my long lens on the area I saw a lone drake. It seems odd that there were no other Wood Ducks, especially no hens.  He seemed to be looking for company.

To my good fortune, the geese seemed to be drifting away to the other end of the pond and out of sight. Now, I needed the drake to complete the circuit and come around to my side.

It could not have developed any better.  The drake came right in front of me, only about  15 feet away.  Wow, they are beautiful!  And, to give a measure of their wariness, he heard the camera and did a U-turn to retreat a distance away.  I was relieved that he did not take flight, but over the next twenty minutes, he teased me. Then the rain appeared.  I took cover under a large hemlock tree to quickly cover my camera, lens and tripod head on a large plastic bag for a very wet hike back to the car.

These are my first bird photos with  my new D800 Nikon, and I am greatly impressed with the color based matrix metering and the continuous autofocus.

Overall, not a bad day. I kept the camera and lens dry in the rain, got a nice photo and my knees don’t hurt from the abuse. Next time I will  have a check list.

Paul Schmitt

Smoky Mountain Wildflowers and Waterfalls

Visited the Smoky Mountain area in the southeast United States for the first time.  In addition to being rich in waterfalls, I expected to find some native wildflowers that were new to me compared to the northeastern US.  I have added nearly a dozen new wildflowers to my photo galleries as a result of this outing.

The first stop was with friends who took us to  Bald River State Park in southeastern Tennessee.  Rather loved this single drop and the plunge pool half way down the drop.

Bald River Falls

After a pleasant visit with our hosts, we moved on to the Smoky Mountain National Park that spans Tennessee and North Carolina.  Continue reading Smoky Mountain Wildflowers and Waterfalls

Waterfalls in Coy Glen

Ray Hunt and I went to Coy Glen on Tuesday.  It is a natural area of Cornell Plantations.  There is one nice drop of about 12 feet with a secondary ledge about 2-1/2 feet in height.  We advise caution at Coy Glen.  Beyond the obscure access on Culver Road, the trail is essentially unmarked and the slope to the waterfall is steep and slippery when wet.  Never attempt this alone.  Please consult us before going there.

We arrived around 9:30 in the morning after a fifteen minute walk into the falls. Ray’s initial photo shows the wonderful reflections on the smooth rock surfaces below the falls.

At this  time in the morning, the falls were in shadow. As we photographed, we realized that we were soon going to lose the good light as bright rays of direct sunlight were approaching to blow out the left side of the falls.

It is always interesting to see how two photographers, standing near the same spot, can see a different rendition of the subject.  My initial photo was different.

I captured less of the warm glow from my position to Ray’s right but found a pool of water that mirrored the creamy waterfall. I also chose a different aspect ratio with less foreground.

As I mentioned, there is a second drop that has fascinated me.  With care, and with rubber boots reaching my knees, I can stand in the stream below the ledge and show both drops.

Ray pointed out that the entry of bright sunlit areas called for some HDR processing. The image above was tonal mapped using four images.  Obviously, a steady tripod is required along with some adjustments to tonal values in the foreground.

The next meeting of the Cayuga Nature Photographers is to present black and white  images made by the members.  It has always seemed to me that waterfalls are one of the best subjects for that. So, I processed the  above image in Photoshop using the RGB channels. (I will likely be on travel and miss the  next meeting, so this is my contribution.)

Soon, we realized we were losing the good uniform light in the gorge and began the careful climb out of the streamside.  The route out requires using tree roots for hand holds initially until the ground becomes a little less steep.

Eventually, we came upon the more moderate slope and near the top, where Ray noted some beautiful fungi growing on the mossy covering of fallen tree branches.  The vivid scarlet colors were too much for Ray to pass up. (I just did not expect fungi and left my micro lens in the car. Shame on me.)


I believe this is Sarcoscypha austriaca, common name Curly-haired Elf
Cup.  I was impressed that Ray had a plastic bag to kneel on while contorted on the wet ground. I never think to do that and come home with dirty knees on my pants.

It was a beautiful day, unusually warm for mid March, and perfect for two retired gentlemen to take a saunter in the woods.  Ray treated me to a good cup of coffee and a delicious sour cream donut. That really made the morning perfect.

Paul Schmitt

Orchids at the US Botanic Garden

Our daughter got us admitted to the annual open house at the production greenhouses for the US Botanic Garden. They raise the orchids and other showy plants seen in the conservatory adjacent to the capital building on the mall.  The staff was very excited to have a day to show what  is normally invisible to the public.  It was also a nice way to celebrate our 46th wedding anniversary too.  We ended up spending a lot of time with the master gardener for the orchids.  Wonderful experience.

I used the open house to continue my exploration of the iPhone camera, this time comparing it to my Canon G9 point and shoot camera.  This is a typical photo with no editing.  The blooms are nice, color is good but the mesh under the pots just doesn’t compliment anything.  My first observation is that busy backgrounds were difficult to hide the iPhone wide angle lens.

There were situations where I could move around and get so close that the greenhouse did not show, and then the result could be good. I think the color is nice and rich in this example.

But, when the subject is larger, the wide angle often  could not miss showing the overly bright sky or a maze of plumbing and framework. Then the zoom on the G9 had a clear advantage. It could find just the right amount of focal length.

This photo has good color and excludes most of the busy background to deliver a more pleasing result.

I’ve posted a more detailed text in my personal blog at:

I simply have found it easier to create the layout I need at this alternate site, and I know you will find the result  more informative.  Hope you check it out.

Paul Schmitt

First wildflower this spring..

Winter Aconite is often the first wildflower of the spring excepting the Skunk Cabbage.  Not native, there are eight varieties that stretch from southern Europe to western Asia and Japan.  Introduced as a garden plant, the spread into the woodlands gives me pause at thinking of introducing it into my wildflower garden. Seems a potential problem if it gets out of hand. Nevertheless, it gives a bright burst of brilliant yellow for a few days.  I’ve wanted to photograph a rich cluster of Winter Aconite but in the past, the flowers faded before I could get to them.  Yesterday, I was lucky at a good friend’s cultivated wildflower garden.


Winter Aconite is a true ephemeral. The flowers fade rapidly and the leaves fully develop to capture the suns energy before completely disappearing by late spring.  For those few sunny days in earliest spring, they are a favorite of the bees coming out of a cold winter.

Paul Schmitt

Snowy Owl

The birders’ listserve for Ithaca has been buzzing with various sightings of Snowy Owls.  Headed up to the New York Chiropractic College in Seneca Falls this morning to look for the most recent reported bird and found it on the soccer fields behind the tennis courts.

You can tell by the height of the bleacher seat that this is a pretty large owl.  There were Crows in the area, and the bird moved location after a while, taking a perch on one of  the soccer goals.

It moved again as the Crows became vocal, retreating to some small trees in the fence row that divides the college athletic fields from adjacent farm fields.

The Crows seemed to take increased interest in the owl and began to dive past it.

This lasted for maybe 5 minutes after which the Crows seemed to tire of their sport.

As it quieted, I noted the owl was looking intently at the surround ground beneath it.  Possibly at prey? After a few  minutes, the owl swooped down into the farm field, mostly hidden.  We went to lunch, and when we returned the owl was out in the farm field beside a fence post.  It was not at a suitable distance for a photo.

The road back to the soccer field is posted but the nice security guard inferred that on weekends, they were not concerned as long as you stay on the gravel.  It is much less disturbing to the owl if you stay in the car. During the week, I would observe the owl from the maintenance building parking area.  This assumes that the owl remains in the location.

Paul Schmitt

Look at the Bright Side

For those wanting to photograph Bald Eagles or waterfowl, the winter of 2012 has been frustrating.  The mild winter has failed to push the birds south or to concentrate them. For  me, it has also been hampering my need to test a new camera body.  So, earlier this week, my patient spouse agreed to a two-day visit to the Delaware River around Lackawaxen.  We saw Bald Eagles but never close enough for any interesting images. We met some nice people and stayed in a delightful B&B in Lackawaxen, the Roebling Inn on the Delaware.

So, on the second day I camped at the Lackawaxen boat launch, camera ready  and waited for the resident Bald Eagle pair to swoop down to the river.  They were up on the  mountain side in a roost tree. Waited until noon. Never happened. We headed home with a stop at the Mongaup blind. Waiting inside for eagles, I heard a faint “pip-pip” and found a lone Northern Cardinal just outside the blind.  Try finding a small bird in a 400 mm lens at the closest focus possible!  After  10 minutes, hunger overrode any vain hope for eagles. It was 3 days later that I recalled the Cardinal image.

So, was the trip fruitless?  Not really, just not as fruitful as hoped.  We had a nice time together including an evening by the fireplace reading peacefully.  The  breakfast was wonderful.  The other photographers I met were a source of good intelligence for future trips.  I did get useful practice on birds-in-flight, just not frame filling.

As I write this, the wind outside  is blowing wickedly and there is a meager cover of snow.  Like a frustrated skier, I am hoping this weather will bring reports of concentrated birds.  My experience fits into the old saying “when life gives you lemons, make lemonade”.  I will keep trying.


The End of the Free Lunch, Bald Eagle Style

There are a pair of Bald Eagles regularly seen perched on the Chemung River where I-86 comes along the river.  The location is commonly called the Pressware Pool because of the glass plant the sits to the south of the pool. –This is where Corning’s Corelle dishes were developed.–  I found this pair’s nest this summer about 2 miles upriver and watched their fledglings testing their wings.  The location was inaccessible for photos.

This week, I found a boat launch ramp at Pressware that allows me to follow the eagles from my car. Call it a photo blind on wheels.  On Friday, I parked with my beanbag hung over the window sill and a long lens ready, and simply waited for birds.  After about a half-hour, an adult Bald Eagle mysteriously appeared, likely while I was scanning downriver with my binoculars.   I shot a few photos, but there really was no interesting behavior.  In another half hour, the bird went about 300 yards downriver to a perch in a tall pine tree a scant one hundred yards above the busy highway.  I could watch the bird in my binoculars, and in time saw it launch in a long shallow approach to the opposite bank in what appeared to be a strike at prey.

To my surprise, the bird headed not to that distant perch, but back upriver to the tall willows opposite me.  Such luck!  I could not see if it had a fish even with binoculars, but was also quickly switching to my camera.  Once on the perch, it obviously was tearing a fish apart. Now that is interesting.

Each time I get a close look at a Bald Eagle, I am impressed with their broad shouldered, brawny build.  They are so much heavier than the Osprey such that there is little danger of confusing them.

I never got a good look at the fish. It must have been small.  But, I could at times see that the eagle’s beak was soiled a rich red.

After a while, the eagle seemed to slow its feeding.  Perhaps as its hunger was met, it took a more measured meal. It’s posture was often upright in an attentive pose.

Soon, I noted a change in the bird’s posture on the perch.  Eagles assume a more horizontal form when preparing to take flight. This is a tip-off to prepare to take photos.  But, this bird had food. Why would it be leaving? In a short minute, it took off in a strong, deliberate flight downriver.

Quickly, the reason became obvious.  There was a thief in the neighborhood.  Sometimes the thief is in the family, so to speak.

I had not seen this immature Bald Eagle, and can only presume it was out of my binocular range, or in a hidden perch.  The adult was in no mood to share. The encounter developed rapidly, with no false posturing. The adult just went straight into the target,  driving it into the tree branches.  Amazing to see!

The immature quickly turned tail, and retreated downriver.  Some time later, I saw an immature soaring along the steep hillside some  one-half mile away. It never came back within range.

The situation corrected, the adult returned to it’s perch.

This is an interesting window into Bald Eagle behavior.  When hatched, the young are helpless to feed themselves, just like humans. Once fledged, they still are inexperienced at fishing.  The adults feed them, but at some time they have to fish or fail.  So it is with our children too.  At sometime, they need to be pushed out into the world to survive.

I’ve seen elsewhere where an adult, returning to its perch with a large fish, is robbed by an immature. When in flight with a heavy load, the adult is at a big disadvantage.  I assume this adult knew that the best solution was to drive the immature away at a distance rather than defend the fish from a static position.

Considering that this eagle pair will likely start a new cycle of nesting in early March, their first need is to come through the winter in good condition.  The free buffet for last year’s brood is over. Time to prepare for the next.

Photo Details:  Nikon D300s, 1/800 sec. f/6.3 @ISO 1600, 825mm equivalent; processed Lightroom 3 with noise reduction

Paul Schmitt